Date: 25th July 2014
Name: Sophie Dickens
Unit 68: Move And Position Individuals Accordance With Their Plan Of Care
As part of our role as health care assistants we are required to assist to move or help to reposition people it is important to have an understanding of the human body. This can help reduce the risk of harm tp yourself or others when undertaking moving and handling.
The human body is has over 200 bones these are called the skeleton. The skeleton protects, shapes, support and move our bodies and also produce red blood cells in the bone marrow. Your vertebral column (spine) is divided into five sections and influences movement during sport. Joints are also important, they provide you the freedom to flex or rotate parts of the body, this can get harder with age as your bones lose strength and density.
The five functions of a skeleton are
1. Protection - the cranium and ribs protect the brain and vital organs in the chest ( lungs and heart etc.)
2. Shape - gives shape to the body and makes you tall or short
3. Support - holds your vital organs in place when playing sport. The vertebral column holds the body upright
4. Movement - muscles are attached to bones, which are jointed. When the muscles contract the bones move
5. Blood Production - red blood cells (to carry oxygen) and white blood cells (protect against infection) are produced in the bone marrow of some bones
* The spine is divided into five sections.
1. The smallest vertebrae
2. Supports the head and neck
3. The top vertebra (atlas) allows the head to nod
4. The second vertebrae (axis) allows the head to rotate
1. The ribs are attached to the thoracic vertebrae
2. Allows some movement, bending forward, backward and side to side
1. Is the largest vertebrae
2. Provides a large range of movement and flexibility bending forward, backward and side to side
3. Is prone to injury
1. These bones are...