English 15 Section 4
February 1, 2013
The Presidential Nomination Process
Both major political parties in the United States select their presidential candidates through a process of primary elections. However, voters do not directly select presidential nominees in these primaries. Instead, they choose delegates from their respective states who will attend a national party convention to nominate a presidential candidate for their party.
Democratic Party Nomination Process Convention Delegates includes a total number of delegates divided into two sections, pledged and unpledged.
Pledged Delegates, The fifty states and the District of Columbia are awarded a number of delegates equal to fifteen percent of their number of base delegates to be filled by party leaders and elected officials. Puerto Rico, Guam and American Samoa are also awarded Pledged Delegates. Unpledged Delegates, Primarily Democratic Members of Congress, Governors, and distinguished party leaders. Base Delegates where each stated (including the District of Columbia) is awarded a number of delegates to the national convention based on its share of the total Democratic popular vote and its share of the electoral votes in the three most recent presidential elections. Seventy-five percent of these delegates are allocated as district delegates and the remaining twenty-five percent as at-large delegates.
Republican Party Nomination Process Convention Delegates also includes a total number of delegates divided into Pledged and Unpledged delegates.
Base Delegates, Each State selects six at-large delegates. American Samoa, Virgin Islands and Guam have four at-large delegates each. Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia have fourteen at-large delegates.
District Delegates, each state also selects three delegates for each member it has in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Bonus Delegates, each state can earn additional delegates by meeting one or more of the...