New criticism is a method of literary evaluation and interpretation that emphasizes close examination of a text with minimum regard for the biographical or historical circumstances in which it was produced. The concept is concerning the nature and importance of textual evidence that have been incorporated into the way most literary critics today. Textual evidence is the use of concrete, specific examples from the text itself to validate our interpretations. New criticism is dominated the literary studies from the 1940s through the 1960s. At that time, it was common practice to interpret a literary text by studying the author’s life and times to determine authorial intention. The life and times of the author and the spirit of the age in which he or she lived are certainly of interest to the literary historian.
For New Criticism, a literary work is a timeless, autonomous (self-sufficient) verbal object. Readers and reading may change, but the literary text stays the same. Its meaning is as objective as its physical existence on the page, for it is constructed of words placed in a specific relationship to one another. It creates a complex of meaning that cannot be reproduced by any other combination of words.
A product of the nature of literary language is important for the formal elements of literary text. The form of literary language or the word choice and arrangement that create the aesthetic experience is inseparable from its content and meaning. The work’s unity is the working together of all the parts to make an inseparable whole. It is the criterion by which New Critics judged the quality of a literary works. If a text has an organic unity, then all of its formal elements work together to establish its theme, or the meaning of the work as a whole.
New Critics believed that their interpretations were based on the context created by the text and the language provided by the text, it is called intrinsic criticism. In contrast, extrinsic...