Fill in the following boxes by identifying and describing the location of the 6 neurotransmitters outlined in the textbook. Describe the effect and function of the neurotransmitter and then discuss possible mental health or behavioral or physical issues that can be associated with too much or too little of the neurotransmitter. Save this document and type directly onto the document. The boxes will expand to accommodate what you write. Submit as an attachment to the appropriate drop box.
Identify the Neurotransmitter | Location of Neurotransmitter | Effect of Neurotransmitter | Function of Neurotransmitter | Possible mental health, emotional, behavioral, or physical issues resulting from too much or too little of the neurotransmitter |
Acetylcholine | Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system, especially some organs of the parasympathetic nervous system | Excitatory in brain and autonomic nervous system; inhibitory elsewhere | Muscle movement cognitive functioning | ACH is also involved; in memory capabilities and diminished production of Ach may be related to Alzheimer’s disease. |
Glutamate | Brain, spinal cord | Excitatory | Memory | Bipolar Disorder:
A mood disorder involving periods of incapacitating depression alternating with manic episodes of extreme excitement. Formerly called manic depression .Manic episode:
A sudden, rapidly escalating emotional state characterized by extreme euphoria, excitement, physical energy, and rapid thoughts and speech. Major Depression: extreme and persistent feelings of Emotional symptoms: |
Gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) | Brain, spinal cord | Main inhibitory Neurotransmitter | Eating, aggression, sleep | It moderates a variety of behaviors ranging from eating to aggression. Several common substance such as the tranquilizer Valium and alcohol are effective. |
Dopamine(DA) | Brain | Inhibitory or excitatory | Movement control pleasure and reward attention | SEVERE side effects occur when using...