The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I, but suffered invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU), and participated in the introduction of the euro in 1999.
Official Name : Kingdom of Netherlands
Location : North-West Europe and with parts in Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom.
Area : - total area = 41,526 sq. km. (16,485 sq. mi.)
* land area = 33,939 sq. km. (13,104 sq. mi .)
Cities : Capital--Amsterdam (pop. 767,457). Other cities--The Hague, seat of government (488,553); Rotterdam (593,049); Utrecht (307,081).
Terrain : Coastal lowland.
Climate : Northern maritime, with cool summers and mild winters.
Population (2010 est.) : 16,783,092 (growth rate: 0.4%)
Birth rate : 10.3/1000
Infant mortality rate : 4.7/1000
Life expectancy : 79.4
Density per sq km : 491
Nationality : Dutch.
Ethnic groups : Predominantly Dutch; large minority communities are Moroccans, Turks, Surinamese, and Dutch Caribbean.
Religions : Largest groups are Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Muslim.
Language : Dutch.
Education : Years compulsory--13. Attendance--nearly 100%. Literacy--99%.
Health : Infant mortality rate--3.8/1000. Life expectancy--79.55 years.
Civilian employment (second quarter 2010, 7.807 million) : industry--11.2%; manufacturing--16.9%; services--80.1%; agriculture--2.9%.
Type : Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch.
Constitution : 1814 and 1848.
Branches : Executive--monarch (chief of state),...