Nature vs Nurture
Describe what the nature vs nurture debate is and say what you think has been the most important aspect for upbringing
The term ‘Nature’ means what we genetically inherit for example eye colour, hair colour, skin colour etc. and the term ‘Nurture’ means how the environment influences us physically and mentally, for example, peer groups, media, education etc.
However, there is a huge debate regarding both nature and nurture. Many people, especially scientists, suspected that nature influences our behaviour and lifestyle more than nurture. This is because there are many factors that are believed to be inherited by our parents such as intelligence and addictions. For instance, if a woman was pregnant and she drank alcohol, smoked cigarettes or drugs then there is a high chance that the baby could become an addict. Additionally, two intelligent parents are most likely to have an intelligent child because some people believe that intelligence is genetically inherited from the parents. A case study supporting the ‘Nature’ argument is ‘The Jim Twins’. Jim L. and Jim S. were first reunited at age 39. They were genetically identical twins, reared apart since infancy by different adoptive families in Ohio and unaware of each other’s existence. As children, each twin had had a dog named Toy. Each bit his fingernails and, since age 18, had suffered from mixed headache syndrome, a combined tension and migraine headache. Each had been married twice, first to a Linda and then to a Betty. One twin had named his son James Alan, and the other, James Allen. Each had put a circular bench around a tree in his garden. Each had worked at a gas station and later part-time in law enforcement as a sheriff. Each smoked many cigarettes and drank beer. Moreover, they both had similar voices, hand gestures and mannerisms.
On the other hand, Nurture is believed to be the real origins of our lifestyle and behaviour because many people hypothesise that our behaviour,...