Move and Position Individuals in Accordance with their Plan of Care
1.1 Understand the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning individuals
Having an understanding of basic anatomy and physiology can help reduce the risk of harm to you or others when undertaking moving and handling procedures. The level of assistance individuals need can vary, from needing help to get out of a chair to being completely dependent on others to move them, to turn them over and to alter their position in any way, for example, if they are unconscious or paralysed.
It is essential that people are moved and handled in a sensitive and safe way. This is also vital for you as a worker, to prevent injury to yourself. It is possible to minimise the risk to both you and the people whom you support by following the correct procedures and using the right equipment.
Muscles allow the bones at a joint to work like hinges. Muscles pull and move the bones at particular joints, this makes the joint move and therefore the body moves. When a muscle contracts, it pulls the bones at a joint in the direction that it is designed to move. With reduced mobility, muscles can become floppy and make movement slower and more difficult, but when muscles are used on a regular basis, they remain firm and move more easily.
When supporting moving and positioning activities, it is important to remember that muscles can only move the bones at a joint as far as the joint allows. For example, the elbow and knee joints have limited movement; trying to extend these joints beyond their range can cause painful damage to the joint. Nerve fibres run all the way through the body and send impulses to muscles, which enable the muscles to contract and relax. Nerve fibres are delicate structures and can easily become damaged through poor moving and handling techniques.
1.2 The impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning...