Model For Cultural Competency Essay

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The Papadopoulos, Tilki and Taylor Model for Developing Cultural Competence (Figure 1):
Transcultural nursing theory and models are the most appropriate for the 21st century.

Transcultural nursing models are a good guide for nurses to get familiarized with the

cultural structure of the society and in its evaluation (Tortumluoglu,2006). The

Papadopoulos, Tilki & Taylor (1998) model for developing cultural competencies, offer

detailed frame work for the development of culturally competent nursing. The model

(See figure1) consists of four stages:

          Cultural Awareness is the first stage in the model which begins with an    

    examination of personal value base and beliefs. Self awareness contributes one’s

    understanding of the nature and construction of cultural identity. Awareness of        

    cultural background also shapes one’s values and beliefs which in turn influences

  one’s health beliefs and practices. Therefore the “cultural awareness” stage comprises

an essential first stage in the process of achieving   cultural competence .It is impossible to

become culturally sensitive and ultimately competent, unless one goes through this stage.

The second stage is Cultural Knowledge .It can be attained in a number of ways.

Meaningful contact with people from different ethnic groups can enhance knowledge

about health beliefs and behaviors and   increase the understanding of problems they

encounter.   This knowledge is needed in order to understand the similarities and

differences of cultural groups as well as the inequalities in health. Cultural knowledge

can be attained from all disciplines such as psychology, sociology, pathology and so on.

Achieving Cultural Sensitivity (third stage) is how the professional view people in their

care. Cultural sensitivity is not being attained unless clients are considered as true or

equal partners and a   key element in anti oppressive...

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