The purpose of the study was to investigate whether providing test feedback to college students who awaited therapy was beneficial in giving therapeutic effects to the students. Using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), between groups that did not differ on age, sex, days between examiner contact, and initial levels of distress and self esteem. Researchers hypothesized that clients would report significant decrease in symptomatic distress and significant increase in self esteem.
The study included 60 clients, 32 were randomly assigned to the experimental group and received MMPI-2 feed back, and 28 were assigned to the attention only control group. While this is a good sample size, I believe that a larger sample as well as further research needing to be done would have aided in the data analysis particularly in its ability to identify specific therapeutic elements about test feed back. I also believe that the way the test feed back was presented to each patient could present a threat to the internal validity in that researchers could have used different emotions in the way they relayed test feed back. As well as there only being one examiner to provide feed back to all clients.
The analysis showed that although there were clearly documented changes in the clients self esteem and symptomatic distress it only provided partial evidence as to why the changes occurred. The study was said to be limited in its ability to identify specific therapeutic elements about test feed back.
While the study has merit, the methods need to be reevaluated. The power of the study needs to be increased by obtaining a larger sample size. The potential threats to internal validity need to be addressed and minimized where possible. Without these it is hard to evaluate.