4. Discuss the similarities and differences between conflict/Marxist theories and functionalist theories in sociology.
Marxism was founded by Karl Marx. Marx saw society as divided into two
major parts, the economic base otherwise known as the infrastructure
and the super-structure. Functionalists see society as a set of parts
which work together to form a whole. Functionalism is also called a
Marxism and functionalism are similar in that, they see the way
society is structured as an important part in determining the way
people have relationships and behave between themselves. This is known
as structural perspective. Both functionalists and Marxists believe
that people are portrayed as creature within the social system.
Functionalists believe that society operates to the benefit of
everybody. They stress that societies continue to exist because a lot
of the time there is consensus between various aspects of society.
Functionalism or (structural functionalism) is macro level analysis. It focuses on how people come together to create society. It focuses on whether actions are good for the equilibrium of society, these are called functions. It also focuses on things that undermine the equilibrium, these are called dysfunctions. For example functionalist
Conflict theory do not see society as whole coming together well for one purpose. It focuses on class conflict. A key founder of conflict theory was Karl Marx. He believed that there is/or was a bitter conflict between the bourgeoisie (those who own the capital) and the proletariat (the workers who toil for low pay). He believed this conflict could only end when the proletariat repelled aging the bourgeoisie.
Functionalist division of labor Education provides society with a ‘division of labor’ this means schools help identify who will be the bin man and who will become the solicitor. Education socializes children with society’s shared norms and values. This...