February 14th, 2012
Man’s Four Greatest Inventions and their Effects on Society
Innovation has been an integral part of social development. From the earliest humans to modern day people, the world’s civilizations, both advanced and primitive, have relied on bettering their lives by creating new and more efficient ways to farm, communicate ideas, establish law and order, and defend each other from foreign adversaries in addition to other areas of growth. Without advances in technology, science, basic agriculture, and a whole array of other aspects of human society, people would not be where they are today in the second decade of the 21st century. It would not be right to overlook the significant progress that was made by the ancient peoples of this world. That would be foolish and ignorant of historical evidence. Therefore, in order to understand how modern society arrived to where it stands today, one must examine past innovations and inventions. The following are the foundational inventions which set the stage for global growth and population explosion.
The ability to grow food in one place and feed people was a very important factor in the worldwide population explosion and made it possible for humans to dedicate their time to other activities rather then spending most of their energies hunting and gathering food to feed each other. The invention of agriculture dates back to 7,000 B.C. in the Middle East, around the area where the Fertile Crescent was, where archaeologists have found physical evidence of the sowing of wheat and barley seeds by ancient peoples. One reason people living in the Fertile Crescent farmed and did so successfully was because of the Tigris and Euphrates River’s annual flooding. This allowed the land to be irrigated, which in turn was correlated with larger amounts of crop production. The Sumerians were credited with developing the first farming techniques, mainly, monocropping (or the planting of...