Stylistic Elements of Poetry and Prose
1. Irony: the use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning.
2. Plot: the plan or main story.
3. Setting: the time, place, and circumstances in which something occurs or develops.
4. Diction: choice of words especially with regard to correctness, clearness, or effectiveness.
5. Tone: the pitch of a word often used to express differences of meaning.
6. Conflict: the opposition of persons or forces that gives rise to the dramatic action in a drama or fiction.
7. Theme: a subject or topic of discourse or of artistic representation
8. Paradox: a statement that is seemingly contradictory or opposed to common sense and yet is perhaps true.
9. Figurative Language: Language in which figures of speech (such as metaphors, similes, and hyperbole) freely occur.
10. Simile: a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as.
11. Major Character: An individual that has a major impact in the conclusion of the story or event.
12. Minor Character: An individual in a work of fiction who does not undergo substantial change or growth in the course of a story.
13. Metaphor: a figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a likeness or analogy between them.
14. Personification: attribution of personal qualities; especially: representation of a thing or abstraction as a person or by the human form.
15. Alliteration: the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables.
16. Symbolism: artistic imitation or invention that is a method of revealing or suggesting immaterial, ideal, or otherwise intangible truth or states.
17. Meter: systematically arranged and measured rhythm in verse.
18. Rhyme Scheme: the arrangement of rhymes...