Underage drinking has always been as issue in the United States and many have their own opinions on it. Joseph A Califano makes a great argument in response to T.R. Reid’s, “Let My Teenager Drink.” His “Don’t Make Teen Drinking Easier” is the opposite of Reid’s and he backs it up with statistics and references.
Califano proves Reid’s idea that the English and Europeans have fewer drinking problem that we do in the states. First he talks about the drinking rates in Europe and the United States and then says, “British 15 and 16-year olds were more than twice as likely as Americans to binge drink (50 percent vs. 24 percent) and to have been intoxicated within the past 30 days (48 percent vs. 21 percent).” Another statistic he uses is, “...The World Health Organization found that American 15-year olds were less likely than those in 18 other nations to have been intoxicated twice or more. British girls and boys were far likelier that their U.S. counterparts to have been drunk that often (52 and 51 percent vs. 28 and 34 percent).” This information makes for a pretty convincing argument and appeals to our ethos.
Califano then appeals to our pathos as he goes on to talk about the consequences of teen drinking. One fact he presents is, “…The American Medical Association found that teen drinking-not bingeing, just drinking-can seriously damage growth processes of the brain and that such damage ‘can be long term and irreversible.’” He then goes on to say, “Alcohol is a major contributing factor in the three leading causes of teen death-accidents, homicide, and suicide- and increases the chances of juvenile delinquency and crime.” Using such concrete facts to support his statement is a very effective way to persuade and connect with the audience. This could even persuade a teen that may believe the drinking age should be lowered as well.
With this quote, “There are many reasons why teens drink, but I doubt that states setting the drinking age at 21 is one...