Learning Disability Research and Evaluation: Exploring Participatory and Emancipatory research in Learning Disabilities studies.
In this assignment I will explore two majors learning disability research paradigm which happens to be Participatory and Emancipatory research. I will also look at the pros and cons of conducting research within the positivist versus emancipatory and participatory paradigm. I will finally identify and discuss challenges and dilemmas one might encounter carrying out a participatory/ emancipatory research. I will also try to discuss approaches one might develop to resolve and minimise challenges and dilemmas.
Brief history and key facts of Inclusive research
Emancipatory and participatory research also known as inclusive research emerged due to people questioning who should research and take control in learning disabilities studies. Many researchers like Barnes and Mercer (1997) and Oliver ( 1993) have take on the sociological feminist views who naturally speak about social oppression faced by woman, researchers have taken this theory and applied to the social oppression faced by people with learning difficulties( Danielie and Woodham 2005, Walmsley, 2001). In a sense inclusive research is seen as form of an advocate and voice to raise social issues (Walmsley, 2001).
It is also known that the social model, wolfenburgers (1989) theory on social role valorisation, normalisation, the social model and cultural theory, NHS and Community care act (1990) and postmodernist theory have had an influence on the construction and perception of Participatory and Emancipatory research (Gilbert, 2004). In fact according to Gilbert (2004) Normalisation is derived from sociological theory focusing on interpersonalisation and deviance in the society. Normalisation and social role valorisation sees being different as deviance therefore it seeks to remove the difference between people with learning difficulties and people without...