Learning and Cognition
Learning is a process that happens every second of every day all around the world from the day one is born to the day one dies. The learning process and the how’s and why’s one learns have been an important part of psychology. There has been an ongoing indifference about the way one learns since the days of Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates’. There have been many definitions of the words learning however most psychologists prefer the definition from Gregory Kimble that defines” learning as a relatively permanent change in behavioral potentiality that occurs as a result of reinforced practice” (Olson, 2009, p. 1). This paper will touch on learning and the relationship with behavior and cognition and will look at different types of learning.
When one refers to learning, they are referring to a potential behavior change. The process of learning starts with attention that makes one receptive to information, then one processes with already known knowledge until one arrives at the conclusion and the understanding. The changes in behavior may not occur immediately, however this does not mean that learning is not happening. Everyone learns at a different pace and in different styles. Some High Schools have started block schedules where there are only four classes a day and each class is 90 minutes long. This gives the teachers time to teach from the book the first half of the class and teach by hands on methods or visual learning.
Some behavior by humans is learned and behaviors also can be unlearned. The definition of behavior is basically an action or reaction one may have in response to internal or external stimuli or how one acts. Behavior can be innate like a reflex, one would pull their hand away quickly if put under extremely hot water. Innate behavior is in one when one is born, like how one is wired. Like how a bird know to build a nest or to fly south for the winter. Learned behavior is just that a behavior that has been learned and can...