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Leader in States Rights Debate Essay

  • Submitted by:
  • on November 13, 2013
  • Category: History
  • Length: 1,826 words

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Below is an essay on "Leader in States Rights Debate" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Robert Y. Hayne was born on November 10 1971, in St. Paul's Parish, Colleton District, South Carolina. He studied law in the office of Langdon Cheves in Charleston, South Carolina, and was admitted to the bar in 1812. During the War of 1812 against Great Britain, he was a Captain in the Third South Carolina Regiment, and he later served as the Quartermaster General of the state militia. He was a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1814 to 1818, serving as Speaker of the House in 1818. Hayne's first wife was Frances Henrietta Pinckney who died on October 9 1818. After her death, in 1820 he married Rebecca Brewton Alston. In 1822 was elected to the United States Senate. He was reelected in 1828 and served from March 4, 1823, to December 13, 1832. From 1825 to 1832 he was Chairman of the Senate Committee on Naval Affairs. Hayne was considered an ardent free-trader and an uncompromising advocate of states' rights. He opposed the protectionist tariff bills of 1824, 1828, and 1832, and consistently upheld the doctrine that slavery was a domestic institution and should be dealt with only by the individual states. He said "The moment the federal government shall make the unhallowed attempt to interfere with the domestic concerns of the states; those states will consider themselves driven from the Union." In 1828, in response to the changing economic landscape in Massachusetts, Daniel Webster backed a high-tariff bill that would enhance the profitability of manufacturing interests in his home state. The debate arose over the "Foot resolution," introduced on December 29, 1829 by Senator Samuel A. Foot of Connecticut. Foot's proposal called for a federal government study into restricting the sale of public lands to those lands already available for sale, which would prevent states from conducting further land sales. Hayne contended that the United States Constitution was only a compact between the national government and the states, and that any state...

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