When we speak about language we refer to the type of signs for which the communication is produced, signs that are conventional, as for example the alphabet.
The grammatical functions fulfill a fundamental role in the meaning of the words, it is for this reason that one of the main determinant factors is gender, which defines a type of person whom the communication is address, where this one influences feminine or masculine whereas be in oral or written form.
Many factors can affect language such as: age, ethnicity, social class, education, and gender. Gender is the main factor that we will analyse in this paper. Generally speaking, men and women talk differently although there are varying degrees of masculine and feminine speech characteristics in each of us. But men and women speak in particular ways mostly because those ways are associated with their gender.
Gender is a socially constructed definition of women and men. It is not the same as sex (biological characteristics of women and men). Gender is determined by the conception of tasks, functions and roles attributed to women and men in society and in public and private life.
The reason why we did this paper is because we wanted to prove if the popular theory that says that women talk more than men within the language, it is true or not. Another reason why we choose gender is because we wanted to know how much it influences in the variability of the language such as minimal responses, vocabulary, interruptions, interventions and the dominance in the conversations, according to the subject’s gender.
After having read many authors’ theories like Deborah Tannen’s book “You Just Don't Understand: Women and Men in Conversation”, Jennifer Coates “Women Talk: Conversation between Women Friends”, Penelope Eckert”Language and Gender” among others. Finally, we decided to focus on the reserach made by Coates, 1993; Eakins and Eakins, 1978; Spender, 1980; Steinem, 1991, the verbosity...