Kidney Stones Essay

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Kidney Stones
“A Kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract” (MedicineNet, 2012).   Kidney stones are a common cause of hematuria and most times causes severe pain in the abdomen, flank or groin. The medical term for kidney stones is Nephrolithiasis. Kidney stones are one of the most common diseases in today’s society.
Some of the ways that kidney stones form is when there is a reduction in urine volume and an excess of stone forming substance in the urine.   Blood may or may not be visible in the urine because the stone has irritated the kidney or ureter.   The most common type of kidney stone contains calcium in combination with either oxalate or phosphate.   About 75% of kidney stones are calcium stones.   Other chemical compounds that form stones in the urinary tract include uric acid, magnesium ammonium phosphate, and the amino acid cystine.
Although there are no proven home remedies to dissolve kidney stones, home treatment may be considered for the patients who have a known history of kidney stones.   Since most kidney stones, given time, will pass through the ureter to the bladder on their own, treatment is directed toward control of symptoms.   Home care in this case includes the consumption of plenty of fluids.   Ibuprofen (Advil) may be used as an anti-inflammatory medication if there is no contraindication to its use.   If further pain medication is needed, stronger narcotic pain medication may be recommended (MedicineNet, 2012).   You also have to keep in mind that if you have a fever with the symptoms of a kidney stone, this can become an emergency and you will need to get medical care immediately.   IV fluid can be provided to help hydrate the body and allow the administration of medications to control the pain and nausea.   Toradol is an injectable anti-inflammatory drug that can be used to control the pain.
While kidney stones and renal colic probably cannot be prevented, the risk of forming a stone...

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