This essay will outline some of Jungs main contributions to analitical thought. I will discuss his understanding of dreams, individuation, archetypes and some of the criticisms that have being laid against Jung. I will look at how jungian theory can be used in psychotherapy and some of his influences on society in general.
Freud said that the goal of therapy was to make the unconscious conscious . Carl Jung, was to make the exploration of this "inner space" his life's work. He went equipped with a background in Freudian theory, of course, and with an apparently inexhaustible knowledge of mythology, religion, and philosophy. Jung was especially knowledgeable in the symbolism of complex mystical traditions such as Gnosticism, Alchemy, Kabala, and similar traditions in Hinduism and Buddhism. If anyone could make sense of the unconscious and its habit of revealing itself only in symbolic form, it would be Carl Jung.
Jung considered himself a rational scientist and yet he give considerable energy to ideas which today are considered irrational or esoteric. He was well aware that this approach often put him at odds with the scientific community but he held the view that an overly rationalist approach to human psychology was inadequate.
Jung and Cognition- Cognitive science models typically specify cognitive architecture in one of two ways, symbolic and connectionist. The elements of symbolic systems are symbols, which are stored in associative constructs. Carl Jung was a strong proponent of the symbolic theory of cognition which described cognitive processes in greater detail – yet still based on two unique ideas: perception and judgment. Sensation and intuition are types of perception; thinking and feeling are two kinds of judgments. In the 1940s, Isabel Meyers developed an extension of these theories, developing a self-reporting questionnaire to help individuals work with their own semblance of Jung’s theoretical construct (Eisner, et.al. in “Levels of...