Proposed title; Intrinsic versus Extrinsic motivation for students in Irish post-primary schools
Whether or not to study and to what extent is a question faced by students all through their student lives. The motivation required by adolescents to study is predominantly extrinsic in Irish second level schools and it demands a degree of application and concentration that is often difficult to sustain and may be in conflict with a student’s present needs and interests. Either, consciously or subconsciously, all students will address this question at some stage throughout their adolescent lives.
Initially motivation and various theories of motivation needed to be examined. The purpose of this study was to ascertain what exactly were the reasons which determine a student to engage in a particular behaviour or action. This project will refer to student’s motivation to complete work. According to various theories, motivation may be rooted in the basic need to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure, or it may include specific needs such as eating and resting, or a desired object, hobby, goal, state of being, ideal, or it may be attributed to less-apparent reasons such as altruism, morality, or avoiding mortality.
The following are traits of human nature:
• To be curious
• To be active
• To initiate thought and behaviour
• To make meaning from experience
• To be effective at what we value
Intrinsic motivation occurs when the learning activity and the learning environment elicit motivation in the student. We do not motivate students but rather create, through our teaching, opportunities that can evoke motivation in students.
The following help to create intrinsic motivation:
• When the goals and rewards of the learning are meaningful to the learner
• When the learning is important to the student
• When the learning assists the learner in obtaining valued accomplishments
• When the learning assists the learners in integrating themselves...