British imperialism in India had many positive and negative effects on the mother country, Britain, and the colony, India. Many people argued about which effects were more important while some agreed that they were both equal.
According to O.P. Austin, the benefits of the British imperialism were building roads, canals, railways, and telegraphs. They would be able to establish schools and newspapers for the people of the colonies. The benefits of imperialism to the colonizer were natural resources, money, and land. They were also able to give these people the benefit of other blessings of civilization (Doc. 1). When the British colonized India, they had 40,000 miles of railway and 70,000 miles of paved roads. These testified to the skill and industry of British engineers. About 30 million acres were brought into cultivation. In addition, transportation, communication, irrigation, industrialization and sanitation were also the benefits of imperialism (Doc. 4).
However, where the good is, there had to be the bad. Shipbuilding, metalwork, glass, paper, and many crafts were broken up. “The growth of a new industry was prevented…” says Jawaharial Nehru. It supplied raw materials and provided markets for England’s industrial goods. The poverty of the country grew due to unemployment which led to low levels of living standards (Doc. 6).
To sum this up, peace and order increased living conditions. The natives called it “the knife of sugar” (Doc. 2). Englishmen had given the people of India the greatest human blessing peace. They were introduced to Western education. This brought them to a touch of modern thought, modern sciences, and modern life. They have established courts of justice and framed a strong and efficient administration (Doc. 3). Early action was taken in to end the terrible infanticide. Luckily, the slave traded ended as well as the owning of slaves (Doc 5).
Although, India had their positive side, the Europeans lived...