￼Between 570 C.E. and 750 C.E. Islam impacted the Arabian Society by changing its political and economic structures, but many of its cultural aspects remained the same. Before Muhammad was born, there was no political organization. Any type of a government was absent. The authority of the chief’s tribe was the only thing acknowledged. Throughout Arabian society, there was constant warfare. Economically, Arabia was highly undeveloped. The Jews were the leaders of the society. They were considered the best farmers in the country. Slavery was the center of the economy for the Arabians. Men and women slaves were bought and sold as if they were animals. Makkah and Yathrib, located in Hijaz, were both the most important urban centers of the Arabia society. Culturally, the Arabs worshiped idols, and they had one true god.
Before Muhammad, Arabia lacked economic resources which could support a state. So the only way to keep order was with clans and the threat of blood feuds. Instead of fighting with each other, they could fight to expand their
￼Reily 2 area under God’s law. As they expanded they created a state with enough resources
to enforce legal and moral order.
Much like the cultural stance in the Arabian society before Muhammad, it
was preached that there is only one god and that he is almighty and all-knowing. Although this continued to stay the same when Muhammad started teaching, there were many aspects that changed with the new religion. Muhammad believed “that the Arab people were also the descendants of Abraham through his first son to an Egyptian slave girl.” When Muhammad was teaching and preaching, many of his friends became enemies. They hated him for speaking out and turning against the shrines and “other objects of worship”. However, this did not stop him. He continued to preach to a small group of people in Mecca.
The Islamic teachings brought the Qur’an which provided a new order of society, in which the poor people would be treated more fairly...