The main statues are:
• The Convention on the rights of the Child (1989)
• The Education Act (1981), (1993) and (1996)
• The Children Act (1989) and (2004)
• The Equality Act (2006)
• The Care Standards (2000)
• The Special Educational Needs and Disability Act (2001)
• The Race Relations Act (1976) and amendment (2000)
• The Disability Discrimination Act (1995) and (2005)
• The Public Order Act
• The Religious Hatred Act
All these laws influence the rights of individuals. Every early years, childcare and educational organisation needs to have policies and practices that put these laws into action:
Codes of practice- Codes of practice provide guidance and rules on ways of implementing legislation and good behaviour. The purpose of the code should be to promote positive behaviour, so rules should be expressed in positive terms. The code should outline the schools expectations for pupil behaviour in the classroom and around the school. A system of rewards and sanctions should be used to support the code of conduct. Positive behaviour and regular attendance should not be taken for granted. They should be actively encouraged and reinforced.
The Children Act (1989) and (2004) The children act 1989 established that care works should see the needs of the child as paramount when making any decision that affect a child's welfare. Local authorities are required to provide services that meet the needs of children who are identified as being at risk. The goal of the 2002 act was to improve the lives of all children who receive informal or professional care. It covers all services that children might use such as school, day care and children's homes.
The Convention on the rights of the child (1989) This convention introduced rights for children and young people under 18 years of age. It is based around the principles. There are 54...