Identify Routine Care Given for Each Malfunction Essay

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Unit 7: Anatomy and Physiology for
Health and Social Care

Activity P6: Identify the routine care given for each malfunction

Cardiovascular system

Heart Attack

If a person is having a heart attack then they need to make sure that 999 are called immediately. Once an ambulance is called the person who is having a heart attack must be sat in a W position, this position is made by the person having their legs up bent and having their back straight up. Once the person has been positioned appropriately then they will need reassurance, they may need to be told that everything is going to be okay or that the ambulance will not be long. If the person has aspirin on them then it is important to get them to take it, only 300mg should be given.

When the ambulance turns up they will immediately put an oxygen mask on the person and then do an ECG on them. The ECG is an electronic device that has 12 leads and gives the pattern of the heart. The staff in the ambulance will assess the symptoms and medical history. If the patient is in pain then pain relief will be given if needed. The ambulance will then make its journey to the hospital and take the patient to A & E or resus depending on the severity. When the patient has been taken to hospital the staff nurses will do blood tests and possibly do scans, they will also monitor the patient checking their skin colour, breathing rate and blood pressure. Once the patient has been monitored they will be admitted to the ward where they will be monitored some more, once it is all clear medication will be given and they will be discharged, the patient may receive a prescription and a follow up appointment with the GP, if needed the patient may need physio or an occupational therapist.

Respiratory System

Asthma

If a person is having an asthma attack then it is important to make sure they take their own inhaler (preferably the blue one). The patient must be sat upright, ideally leant over a chair or get them to...

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