How to improve tourism in India ?
More and more emphasis is being placed by the national as well as state governments for proper planning in the expanding world of tourism. This is being done to ensure a balance between tourism promotion (as a proven vehicle for increasing the GNP particularly of developing countries) and the concerns for safeguarding the physical, social and cultural environment of the destination areas.
The importance of planning in the development of tourism related activities is aimed at creating a balance between the tourism related activities and the local environment. This is particularly the case in developing countries. Here the impact is strongest because they must develop an infrastructure that preserves the existing unique cultural characteristics and also promotes all-round socio-economic development. At the same time, they should also preserve and enhance their physical environment in order to promote tourism.
Tourism promotion and infrastructural development for tourism related activities is bound to have a series of socio-cultural, socio-economic, physical and environmental impacts on the habitat which would require a systematic evaluation and analysis, using scientific techniques, before development decisions are taken. These are more conspicuous in environmentally sensitive settings of hill, wild life and beach resorts and other traditional culturally sensitive destinations. Any programme for tourism development should thus have the underlying objective of promoting the positive impacts and mitigating the negative impacts on the social, economic and physical environments of the destination areas.
TOURISM PLANNING: THE OVERALL CONTEXT :
The main thrust areas for development of tourism in the National Five Year Plans having implications on Physical Planning for Tourism in macro and micro contexts are identified as under
1) Development of selected tourist circuits and centers which are...