How far was Nicholas II responsible for the fall of the Romanovs in 1917?
While Nicholas II was a major factor in the fall of the Romanovs there were other reasons such as the removal of the Dumas and him losing the support of the armed forces.
Nicholas II became commander in chief of the army during world war one and in doing so left his wife Alexandra to rule the country. The fact that he had let someone so inexperienced take control angered many people due to the Tsar not leaving someone more experienced to rule and also due to her being unpopular as a result of her German nationality. Alexandra appointed Rasputin, who had saved her sons life, as her personal adviser. This outraged many politicians and nobles due to her letting a peasant into the winter palace. The Tsarina replaced many advisors and ministers with those who had a weaker political position due to her fearing that they could challenge the Tsars authority. These actions reflected badly on the Tsar due to many politicians losing power due to his actions. The Tsar made many failures as Commander in chief of the army especially at the battle of Tannenburg where the majority of the Russian second army was destroyed which forced the Russian army to retreat. This coupled with other military defeats led to mass desertions towards cities. It also led to many soldiers knowing of the Tsars failures which would have supported the claim for a revolution. The war effort also caused the Zemstva and the Congress of Representatives of Industry and Trade to grow which were used to help stimulate production and provide medical facilities. The government failed to efficiently incorporate these into the war effort which resulted in them becoming a symbol for the shortcomings in the war effort.
The Tsar had lost a lot of support through the Dumas which were set up as part of the October Manifesto to act as a parliament for Russia. The first Duma was dissolved after a short amount fo time due to the Tsar not...