How Far did the Nazi Regime depend on fear rather than popular support for maintaining their control of Germany between 1933-39?
What is this essay asking you to do?
Determine whether the Nazi regime used fear as a method of control of the German people or whether there are other reasons for the fact that the Nazis kept power and control of the German people.
Did propaganda also help?
Was the regime actually popular with Germans?
Why was there no opposition?
Did the Nazis actually give the people what they wanted?
After the failure of the Weimar, did the Nazis ‘look’ strong and in control and thus popular?
Did the fact that the Nazis ‘solved’ the economic problems of Germany help with their popularity?
Did the fact that Hitler began dismantling the T of V help boost his popularity?
How much support did the Nazis have and how far were they in control?
Intro: Set the scene and signpost your argument:
Nazis came to power by default perhaps i.e. high unemployment; only 37% of votes but by the mid 30’s he was in complete control of Germany and had created a one-party state. How far was this process of consolidation of power the reason for maintaining Nazi life – regardless of public opinion and attitudes? It was not only fear that kept control of Germany between 1933 – 1939 but a combination of fear and other factors, good and bad, for example……………….
‘Fear’ has to be discussed first and you will have to explain how the Nazis established the atmosphere of fear. Start with the Enabling Act. Article 48 – special powers to banned Communists and opponents. Deals with other parties to get majority to get Enabling Act passed.
Other measures passed – Unions banned, media censorship and other parties were united and dissolve themselves.
SA Night of the Long Knives – Public saw how Nazis dealt with ‘problems’.
SS and Gestapo expand.
Death of Hindenburg meant Hitler becomes Fuhrer.
Discuss the Fear/Terror in Germany –...