The History of South Asia from the Neolithic through Mauryan Empire
Cassandra (Sandi) Bowen
History 111: History of World Civilizations to 1650
September 24, 2013
The Neolithic period through the Mauryan Empire period brought many changes to South Asia. These changes affected all aspects of life. There were geographical changes, religious changes, population changes and many changes to daily life of the population. The people had to adapt to different ways of life in order to survive. This may mean a change in the way food is provided, the way a family is provided for, or the belief system of the family. There was a great deal of learning to be done by all who populated this area in order to make it thrive.
The first Southeast Asia state was known as Funan. There is little known about the origins of the people who resided in Funan. It is thought that they lived there for several centuries prior to the immigrations of China that occurred around 3000 B.C.E. Being easily accessed by the South China Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, made this area ideal for trade purposes. Merchants were able to transport goods for profit. Being in such an excellent position for trade allowed the people of Funan to learn some of the traditions from other traders coming from India and China. This would benefit them by allowing them to have more to offer for trade and make them more profitable. The area was considered to have a great potential for agriculture. It offered fertile soil and an abundance of rainfall. This was difficult for the people to master, as much of the land was covered with rainforests, and removing the rainforest would cause the soil to wash away. The difficulties with agriculture lead the people to focus more on the trade possibilities. Funan was perfectly located to allow it to control the trade across the South China Sea as well as the Bay of Bengal. This control increased the prosperity in Funan...