Amino acids; the building blocks of proteins. there are 20 different amino acids that can be linked in various combination to create different proteins.
Anemia; deficiency of red blood cells and/ or hemoglobin that results in decreased oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.
Anorexia nervosa; an eating disorder in which a person severely restricts caloric intake because of an intense fear of gaining weight.
Antioxidants; molecules that neutralize free radicals, thereby preventing them from causing damage to cells.
Binge eating disorder; the compulsive need to gorge on food without purging,
Bulimia nervosa; an eating disorder that involves overeating (called binge eating); followed by vomiting (called purging)
Carbohydrate; a macronutrient that is a key energy source for muscular contraction.
Cholesterol; a type of lipid that is necessary for cell and hormone synthesis. Found naturally in animal foods, but made in adequate amount in the body.
Complete proteins; proteins containing all the essential amino acids; found only in soy and animals foods (meats and dairy produces).
Complex carbohydrates; long chains of sugar units linked together to form starch or fiber.
Daily values; standard values for nutrient needs, used as a reference on food labels. The daily values may not exactly reflect the true nutrient needs for all people.
Energy balance; the state of consuming a number of calories that is equal to the number of the expended. Over the long term, energy balance results in maintenance of a constant body weight.
Essential amino acids; the nine amino acids that cannot be manufactured by the body and must therefore be consumed in the diet.
Exercise metabolic rate(EMR); the amount of energy expended during any form of exercise.
Fats; (triglycerides) the form of lipid that is broken down in the body and used to produce energy to power muscle contractions during exercise.