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Georgia Reconstruction Essay

  • Submitted by:
  • on November 1, 2010
  • Category: History
  • Length: 958 words

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Below is an essay on "Georgia Reconstruction" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The Civil War was a difficult and stressful time for everyone in the United States. This new nation was fighting with each other, and it was split into two halves. The North (Union) and the South (Confederacy) were at war because of the institution of slavery. The North’s economy was based on factories which did not need slaves to be able to work. On the other hand, the South’s main source of the economy came from the production of cotton. Southern states were made up of plantations owned by white families who would also own slaves to harvest and work for them. The Civil War started when Abraham Lincoln was elected president because he wanted to abolish the institution of slavery. Before he was even elected, seven states seceded, including Georgia.
On January 19, 1861, Georgia seceded from the Union (Golden). Many battles took place during the Civil War in Georgia, and one included the burning of Atlanta. Clearly, there was a lot of work the had to be put in to reconstruct Georgia and it’s politics. Reconstruction was a very difficult time for Georgia and other southern states because they were being run by a government that was no longer in power. There could no longer be slaves to harvest the agriculture. Their way of life had to completely change, and their outlook on other types of people had to change as well.
Tenant farming replaced slavery, and it was a form of free labor (Bullock 16). The population was split fairly evenly between white and black, with the white population at less than 590,000 and the black population at 460,000. Even though blacks were supposed to be free, the Georgian government did not really enforce all the rules that go along with freedom. Georgia’s confederate governor was Joseph E. Brown, and he surrendered to the Union, leaving behind a state full of chaos and without order (Bragg). To join back into the Union, a majority of the state had to vote their loyalty to the North, which no one in Georgia was ready to do. Until then the...

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