Running Head: GARDNER INTELLIGENCE
Howard Gardner Intelligence Paper
Howard Gardner’s Intelligence
Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences views intelligence as “an ability or set of abilities that is used to solve problems or fashion products that are of consequence in a particular cultural setting” (Kowalski & Westen, 2009, p. 279). Within Gardner’s theory exists eight different intelligences, each contributing to an individual’s ability to be personally successful in solving problems or solving culturally significant products (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). Gardner believes there is no standard intelligence that an individual relies on for the capacity of problem solving, but several which collaboratively allow an individual to function. In addition Gardner views intelligence as having to do with more than just logical and linguistic abilities, but different types of intelligences which are also needed for practical problem solving (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). Gardner’s eight intelligences help to explain in which ways individuals are intelligent opposed to the traditional view of how intelligent we are Kowalski & Westen, 2009). The theory of multiple intelligences include: “musical, bodily/kinesthetic (such as the control over the body and movement that distinguishes great athletes and dancers), spatial (the use of mental maps), linguistic or verbal, logical/mathematical, naturalist, intrapersonal (self-understanding), and interpersonal (social skills)” (Kowalski & Westen, 2009, p. 279). Within the context of this document we will review three of the eight intelligences and discuss how they can impact personal success.
People who have naturalist intelligence are said to have a heightened sense of the environment around them (Smith, 2008). They have the ability to easily observe, understand, organize, and recognize patterns in the natural environment (Smith, 2008). The naturalist intelligence is a straightforward...