This article is about the philosopher. For the impressionist painter, see Henri Rousseau. For other uses, see Rousseau (disambiguation).
Jean-Jacques Rousseau |
Rousseau in 1753, by Maurice Quentin de La Tour |
Born | 28 June 1712
Geneva, Republic of Geneva |
Died | 2 July 1778 (aged 66)
Ermenonville, Kingdom of France |
Era | 18th century philosophy
(Modern philosophy) |
Region | Western Philosophers |
School | Social contract theory
Main interests | Political philosophy, music, education, literature, autobiography |
Notable ideas | General will, amour-propre, moral simplicity of humanity, child-centered learning, civil religion,popular sovereignty, positive liberty |
Influenced by[show] |
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a major philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism. His political philosophy heavily influenced the French Revolution, as well as theAmerican Revolution and the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.
His novel, Émile: or, On Education is a seminal treatise on the education of the whole person for citizenship. His sentimental novel, Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse, was of great importance to the development of pre-romanticism and romanticism in fiction. Rousseau's autobiographical writings: his Confessions, which initiated the modern autobiography, and his Reveries of a Solitary Walker were among the pre-eminent examples of the late 18th-century movement known as the Age of Sensibility, featuring an increasing focus on subjectivity and introspection that has characterized the modern age. His Discourse on the Origin of Inequality and his On the Social Contract are cornerstones in modern political and social thought and make a strong case for democratic government and social empowerment.
Rousseau was also a successful composer and made important contributions to music as a theorist. During the period...