1. What was Francis Henry Galton's major contribution to forensic science? Francis Henry Galton founded the system of fingerprinting. He is an English scientist, biometrician,and explorer whom also founded the science of eugenics. Due to his studies of anthropometric research, fingerprints are still in use to date. Due to his research todays law enforcement can keep records of every person in the world thru fingerprinting.
2. Who is known as "the father of forensic toxicology" and why? Mathieu Joseph Bonaventure Orfila is known as the father of Forensic Toxicology. He started writing “A treatise of General Toxicology” in which he completed in 1815 in which he started writing in 1814. Due to his studies he was able to locate arsenic and other poisons in the digestive system after multiple tests on animals.
3. Name two major contributions to forensic science made by Hans Gross. Hans Gross was an Austrian Professor and Judge. He wrote “handbuch fur Untersuchungsriater als system Der Kriminalistik” published in 1891 which was translated and titled “ Criminal investigations” in 1907. In 1912 Professor Gross opened the very first Criminological institute in the world located at The University of Graz, Austria.
4. With what area of forensic investigation are Karl Landsteiner and Leone Lattes associated? Karl Landstiener made the discovery of human blood groups in 1900,he is a biologist and a physician. Leon Lattes discovered the blood can be grouped into different categories. He was able to determine the blood type from blood stains.
5. Who was the first person to apply the principles of forensic science to a working crime laboratory? Dr. Edmond Locard was the first person to start a crime laboratory in the police department in Lyon France in two attic spaces.
6. What is Locard's exchange principle? Locards theory “Idiom” he was able to discover the idea of trace evidence.
7. With what instrument did Dr. Walter C. McCrone make...