Do You Know About Fracking?
What is fracking? Fracking is a process that extracts natural gas from the ground. Many people think that this is wonderful. However, I have met many people that dislike the process very much. Below one will find the answer to what fracking is, why some people think that it is important to use fracking, and what about the process concerns so many people.
Fracking is also known as hydraulic fracturing. “Hydraulic fracturing is the process of creating fissures in underground formations to allow natural gas to flow.” (Barnett Shale Energy Education Council) Fracking extracts oil and gas from layers of rock formations deep beneath the earth’s surface. Sometimes, the wells can be thousands of feet deep. After the wells are finished being dug out, steel casings are cemented into the well. Then, water, mixed with proppants, small particles of quartz sand or ceramic materials that keep the fishers open, and chemicals, is flushed into the well at an extremely high pressure. This pressure causes the shale, an irregular earth formation containing oil and gas, to fracture, thus, letting the gasses escape through the cracks to be effectively captured and stored.
Some people believe that fracking is important. They believe that it is important to the conservation of the earth and the economy. According to Kirker, this process has allowed companies to extract valuable natural gas with much less of an environmental footprint left behind. With fracking instead of having to drill several wells, the one well can be branched out from for up to a mile away from the original well. This type of efficiency has also made the process a smaller financial burden on the company since drilling these wells can cost anywhere from three to five million dollars.
Improving the economy is another plus point for fracking. Since the companies have lower drilling cost, essentially they can pass the savings onto their customers. Before fracking “natural gas was...