There are three goals of forensic victimology. It involves outlining the victims lifestyles and circumstance, the events leading up to the crime, and the nature of crime (Turvey, 2012, p. 125).
By first identifying the victims lifestyle, “a baseline to compare” (Turvey, 2012, p. 165) which factors of the victims history or lifestyle are relevant to the crime. This can include “recent consensual sex- as well as past STD’s, actions taken by the victim after the crime, history of drug abuse, and a history of mental or behavioral problems (Turvey, 2012, p. 166). All details are documented, and “intended to guide the exam, evidence collection, and crime lab analysis of findings (Turvey, 2012, p. 167).
Gathering information from the victim about the events that may have led up to the crime is another important goal of forensic victimology. By categorizing victim exposure, it can be determined if a victim “contributed to their own victimization” (Turvey, 2012, p. 170). The 13 categories are outlined in Turvey (2012) p. 171-172. Some elements include being female, young, promiscuous, or a minority. Any of these (and other) elements can contribute to a criminal act being committed against them.
The nature of the crime must also be examined. The 2007 case of Paige Brigfeld (as discussed in Turvey, 2012) a 34 year old woman disappeared, and was originally treated as a missing person in which no exposer to danger was evident. However, upon further investigation in her personal habits and events she participated in prior to crime, the investigation shifted to include persons on interest from her not so clean cut lifestyle. According to Turvey (2012), the full extent of her dangerous (and hidden) lifestyle is still unknown. Which leads to the question... was her dangerous lifestyle a contributing factor to her disappearance? The case remains unsolved, and Mrs. Brigfeld remains missing (Turvey, 2012).
Lifestyle exposure relates to a victims lifestyle, personal...