March 15, 2011
Minitheme Rewrite #2
Food Security, Sufficiency and Safety
In the past two decades, the country of Georgia has seen a large improvement in the percentage of citizens that were undernourished. Between 1990 and 1992, 58-percent of Georgia’s population was undernourished. That percentage represented 3.1 million people. As of 2002, 12-percent of the population is undernourished. This represents .5 million people. An agricultural development project of Georgia showed that food insecurity ranged from 5 to 25 percent depending on the area but the national mark is 29-percent. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Georgia was received 558,900 metric tons of food aid between 1990 and 1992. That number has significantly dropped to 57,900 metric tons of food aid received between 2005 and 2007.
The FAO is once again aiding Georgia after a conflict between Georgian, South Ossetian, and Russian forces which occurred in August of 2008. The FAO aimed to quickly restore crop production, agriculture-based livelihoods, and self-reliance. To do this, the FAO provided an emergency supply of livestock feed in conflict-affected areas and assistance to small-scale farmers to plant food crops.
When comparing the need for food aid and conflicts between Georgia and Russia, it appears that there is a strong correlation. In the early 90s, Georgia gained its independence from Russia. Being a new, young country, Georgia need much support from the United Nations. In 2008, when war broke out, Georgia once again needed aid. So to say that Georgia is a food-insecure country is a tough statement. Georgia is capable of producing a great deal of its own food. However, it relies on aid primarily when it is suffering from conflicts with its surrounding countries.
Because on the problems that Georgia has experienced and its young age, it is hard to declare whether or not it is food sufficient. If the conflicts...