COMMENTS ON CREATIVE AND CRITICAL THINKING
“Researchers can only be restricted by how far out of the box they can think”.
Dr. J. Victor Garcia-Martinez
What makes a human being so unique? Many would agree that, together with the ability to pollute the environment, it is thinking. It won’t be a mistake either to say that every human is supposed to be unique in his own way, that is, possess individual qualities, and, on a more general level, to be a person possessing a personality.
Generally, uniqueness of any kind needs means of expressing itself, otherwise it certainly wouldn’t be recognized as such; in a human society such means is the language. However, to be able to express something, we need to have that something, that is, we have to gain the idea first, and then put it into words; but definitely, there exist many kinds of ideas, and somehow we don’t mix them.
To my mind, it happens because thinking as a process has many aspects and sides, both “known” and “unknown”; for now, we can point out critical and creative thinking, as the subject of this article. For me, “critical” stands for “objectiveness” and “evaluation”, and “creative” is “expressing oneself” and “contributing”, and this is exactly why critical and creative thinking is the inseparable part of learning as the process of acquiring knowledge.
I would also associate them with Yin and Yang: on the one hand, it’s necessary to estimate the object of the research in the correct and objective way, and on the other hand, there is a need in expressing the opinion, making a conclusion and sharing with others. But of course, to do this efficiently, one has to follow widely-accepted logical patterns and use adequate verbal means, because otherwise nobody would understand his ideas; and yet, one needs to have his own way of seeing and interpreting things, because only in this way he can contribute to the life of the society.
On a psychological level, creative thinking can also help us understand who...