The aim of this assignment is to outline and discuss the influence of different political perspectives on social policy.
Social policy relates to guidelines for the changing, maintenance or creation of living conditions that are conducive to human welfare. Social policy aims to improve human welfare and to meet human needs for education, health, housing and social security.
This assignment is going to be based on the right and left wing approach. The three types of perspectives are liberal, conservative and socialist.
Liberal perspective is associated with the right wing approach. It advocates individualism and personal responsibility, favours the free market and minimal state intervention. Sees a clear distinction between civil and political rights on the one hand and social and economic rights on the other, it rejects the welfare state the attempt to overcome relative poverty and the pursuit of equality and social justice. There is minimal, selectivity and conditional approach to benefit and social services where they are provided.
Conservative perspective is also the right wing approach it advocates traditional social values and personal responsibility.
The degree of commitment to conservative and liberal beliefs about social welfare policy differs. Conservatives generally oppose government intervention as a waste of taxpayer’s money. Social programs are viewed as providing benefits to those who do not need them or as a creating a dependency that encourages people to stop caring for themselves. This perspective is found in many of the previously discussed ideologies.
Liberals generally support active intervention by the federal government. Social welfare policies are regarded as being so important that they should be legislated by the government. Implicit in this view is the idea that the welfare of society cannot be left to freely operate without some controls. Liberals view the government as being a referee to ensure...