Ethnic Tensions in Pakistan Essay

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Pakistan is a very diverse country home to a multitude of different people. The country consists of four ethnic groups—the Punjabi, Pashtun, Baloch, and Sindhi—that have historically never co-existed in the same body politic. A big problem of the situation in Pakistan is the fact that it is made mostly of one group of people, but governed by the minority (population wise that is). The Pakistani army is composed mostly of Punjabis, while the Taliban is entirely Pashtun. The Punjabis, only 45% of the population, dominate the Army and the state, while treating minorities (33% of the population) as complete outcasts. Looking at this from my own understanding point of view, I conclude that this can’t seem fair to the Pakistani people at all, and is easily the foundation of the problems arising in Pakistan. Although ‘understanding’ is clearly not the word needed to describe how Americans view the situation. “To American eyes the struggle raging in Pakistan with the Taliban is about religious fanaticism. But in Pakistan it’s about an explosive fusion of Islamist zeal and simmering ethnic tensions that have been exacerbated by U.S pressures for military action against the Taliban and its al-Qaeda allies.”
Allow us to focus on more specific cases that have occurred thanks to the ethnic problems Pakistan is experiencing. First off, it’s important to point out that “the social environment plays an important role in shaping and reshaping as well as intensifying these ethnic and religious conflicts.” High illiteracy rate, a feudal agro-based economy, imbalanced economic development, inequitable distribution of power and resources, and a pseudo-federal system are main points in the social environment when speaking of the problems in Pakistan. The country itself, “being a multiethnic state, needed to evolve an adequate system of representation and a just and equitable distribution of power and resources in order to maintain ethnic peace and harmony. However, the dominance of...

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Ethnic Tensions in Pakistan. Anti Essays. Retrieved November 27, 2014, from the World Wide Web: http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/Ethnic-Tensions-In-Pakistan-436740.html