In this module, we have a scenario in which we are asked to put ourselves in the role of a Health Educator working for an international health organization. We are asked to assess the environmental needs of an urban community within a developing country. Our goal is to involve the community in the needs assessment in order to collect information about the disposal of trash and hazardous trash within the community. Our challenge is to not only conduct the assessment but to also come up with improved ways to handle their trash and hazardous trash.
We must first begin by briefly describing the 4 step process that we will go through in conducting our environmental needs assessment survey. A more detailed description of each step will be explained as we progress through the assignment. According to the authors in our readings, the small scale community assessment involves (1) assessment planning, (2) data collection, (3) data analysis and (4) program action planning (Escoffery, Miner, Trowbridge).
In the assessment planning stage we must first determine what our purpose and objectives are. In this case, we intend to look deeply at the way trash and hazardous trash is disposed of and we aim to improve current methods. This task cannot be accomplished by an outsider so I would involve key people within the community to help with the assessment. Some of these key personnel would include teachers, school nurses, doctors, businessmen and others that might take an active interest in their community and its well-being. Together with these key people, we could then begin to identify the population of interest for the assessment. Only then could we then come up with a solid operational plan for a successful assessment.
Our next step would then be in collecting the data. Before the data is collected, we would have to gather the key people so that we could identify measureable indicators for our assessment and to also identify sources for our data. We would then conduct a...