Aviation Studies – 190.224
Wellington Airport, New Zealand
This essay aims to highlight the operations at Wellington Airport, New Zealand. It also attempts to identify and explain some of the problems that this airfield has faced – more specifically environmental issues arising from its operations and location.
1. The United Nations Framework on Climate Change 3 –4
2. The Kyoto Protocol – Its Early Stages 4 - 6
3. The Kyoto Mechanisms 7
3.1 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) 7 –8
3.2 Emissions Trading 8
3.3 Joint Implementation 8
4. UN Climate Change Conference – Montreal 2005 9 -10
5. UN Climate Change Conference – Copenhagen 2009 10
6. An Alternative Fuel Source? 11
7. Conclusion 11
1. The Early Days…in Rongotai |
In 1988, a group of 400 scientists established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) with the aid of the United Nations and the World Meteorological Organization. This panel studied environmental change in the 1960s and found that levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere were steadily increasing1.
2 years later, it published a report stressing the reality of global warming and its effects on our planet. Governments across the world realized the magnitude of the problem and took steps to research and redress it, in the hope of decreasing the rate at which our Earth is warming up.
Together with the United Nations (UN), they introduced a set of guidelines – The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), unveiled at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development2.
The ‘Earth Summit’, which it is more commonly known as, was held in Rio de Janeiro from the 4th to the 14th of June 1992 and its purpose was to address the problems of water scarcity, the need for alternative energy sources and reliance on public transportation, in...