Emotional Quotient Essay

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KOMAL RIAZ

Author is student of LLB (II). She is an active member of study circle.

EMOTIONAL QUOTIENT (EQ)

The concept of Intelligence Quotient (IQ) which relates to the determination of level of intellect or sharpness of mind of a person is very common. We normally use in our daily conversation that the IQ of a specific person is high or low. However the concept of Emotional Intelligence or Emotional Quotient is relatively new in the field of Psychological Research. Emotional Quotient (EQ) relates to the ability or skill to understand, evaluate and manage the emotions of one’s self and others. This concept got familiarity with the publication of book titled 'Emotional Intelligence' by Daniel Goleman's in 1995. However, the first use of the term "Emotional Intelligence" is usually attributed to Wayne Payne's doctoral thesis, A study of emotion: Developing emotional intelligence from 1985.
If we go into the background history, we find that early Emotional Intelligence theory was originally developed during the 1970's and 80's by the work and writings of psychologists Howard Gardner, Peter Salovey and John Mayer. Emotional Intelligence is increasingly relevant to organizational development and developing people, because the EQ principles provide a new way to understand and assess people's behaviors, management styles, attitudes, interpersonal skills, and potentials. Emotional Intelligence is an important consideration in human resources planning, job profiling, recruitment interviewing and selection, management development, customer relations, customer service, and much more.
Thomas Edison once said that, “Genius is 99% perspiration (E.Q.) and 1% inspiration (I.Q.).” I.Q. is said to be set in stone, no matter when you take an I.Q. test you will receive, basically the same score. E.Q. however, is not set in stone. You can take E.Q. tests at different points in your life and find out that it has increased or decreased significantly. The basic reason is that...

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