Effects of the Colonialism in Nigeria
Colonialism in Africa is one great cause for the death of cultures in Africa. Not only did it change traditions and political structures, but it was also the cause of the feudal area in Africa. In 1900 Lord Frederick Lugard established indirect rule in Nigeria. During the late part of the 19th century, most of Africa's continent came under political control of European powers. In Nigeria, things were no different and by 1905 the British had established rule over all of present-day Nigeria. Colonial Nigeria ran from 1800 til 1960 when it gained independence.
The slave trade often made Nigeria a violent land. Many were terrified over the prospect of being rounded up in slave raids. Nigerian tribes were outweighed in military resources and skills compared to British forces. Because of the colonization of Nigeria, the country witnessed political, cultural, and economic change during the colonial period". British Colonialism installed in Nigeria the foundations of a modern democracy. All important decisions were made under a British governor. In 1966, the dream of flourishing democracy was diminished when a series of massacres occurred, inter-country arguments came about, and a military coup started the first of a series of military governments. As a response to this take over, the Ibo seceded and declared the independent republic of Biafra. This secession began a civil war that lasted for almost 3 years. Nigeria won the war and the military government controlled both regions.