UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS, AKOKA.
FACULTY OF EDUCATION
NAME: AKOLADE TAJUDEEN MUKAILA
DEPARTMENT: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION
MATRIC. NO: 110313077
BEING THE PROPOSAL ON THE PROJECT TITLED:
EFFECT OF PRACTICAL SKILLS ACQUISITION IN BIOLOGY EDUCATION, STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND ATTITUDE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL BIOLOGY.
1.1 Background to the Study
In a rapidly-evolving world, science and technology education is an important instrument in the search for sustainable development and poverty reduction. Yet educational systems are faced with the challenge of science and technology education that has lost relevance not being able to adapt to current scientific and technological developments (UNESCO, 2009).
Science is a great enterprise which nations depend on, in-order to advance technologically. Science therefore, is receiving much emphasis in education because of its significance and relevance to life and society. Biology as a branch of science and the prerequisite subject for many fields of learning contributes immensely to the technological growth of the nation. This includes medicine, forestry, agriculture, biotechnology and nursing. The study of Biology in senior secondary school can equip students with useful concepts, principles and theories that will enable them face the challenges before and after graduation.
Practical activities in biology provide opportunities for students to actually do science as opposed to learning about science. Nzewi (2008) asserted that practical activities can be regarded as a strategy that could be adopted to make the task of a teacher (teaching) more real to the students as opposed to abstract or theoretical presentation of facts, principles and concepts of subject matters. The route to such an objective is the active student-centred methods of school work (Michael, 2006), such as class discussions, excursions, field work, problem solving, with laboratory work as a flagship...