Ecstasy (Mdma) Essay

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Ecstasy (MDMA)
MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine), is more commonly known as ecstasy. In American, ecstasy’s popularity was in the late 1980s by people in the underground club scene or ravers. The drug is most popular with teens, young adults, and the gay community. Ecstasy is considered a designer drug. Designer drugs are synthetic (lab-made) versions of drugs that are controlled substances under U.S. law. Designer drugs are similar in structure and in effect to other drugs, but they are made in illegal laboratories to mimic the psychoactive effects of controlled drugs.
Ecstasy, most commonly, will be taken in the form of a pill or as a flat round tablet. This pill may take on various sizes and colors and is usually decorated with a small symbol; the symbol usually gives the pill particular name. The particular name makes the drug more appeasable to the buyer, and gives the sellers a marketing name. The pill is taken orally; moreover, the pill can be crushed up in to powder and snorted (railed) through the nasal passages. However, seldom ecstasy is smoked or even injected.
Ecstasy short term effect (sensations that last up to 6 hours)
• an increase in confidence
• a heightened sense of closeness and intimacy with others
• dilated pupils
• jaw clenching and teeth grinding
• nausea
• loss of appetite
• sweating
• an increased heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature
• dehydration
• increase in body temperature
Ecstasy long-term effects:
• confusion
• depression
• sleep problems decrease of serotonin (which can affect memory and critical thinking)
• damage to the serotonin levels in the brain
• brain damage
• death
Two primary reasons for death on ecstasy are being dehydration and heat exhaustion. The result is from dancing for long hours without rehydration. In addition, drinking too many fluids while on ecstasy can also cause death because the user's brain can swell from excess fluid intake. Overdose is another contributing...

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