PHILOSOPHY OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PAPER
The early childhood education actually evolved due to three main reasons. Firstly, after World War II many women entered the workforce and were unable to be at home with their children to educate and care for them. The economic conditions at that time didn’t allow them to be unemployed, so they had to work to earn income. Secondly, after sometime, there was a trend of both parent working not because of any financial problems, but to develop as career oriented persons. Thirdly, single parent families created after an increase in the divorce rate greatly increased the demand of day-care centers and preschools.
Besides the above three reasons, we see a changing trend in family structures as well. With increasing mobility, families are traveling more which takes the children away from their relatives which otherwise would have taken care of them in their parents absence. Families are now getting Nuclear; consisting of one or two parents with their child, which is actually declining the influence of Extended Families, which is a network of family members that is beyond the actual family such as aunts, uncles, and grandparents.
Though the need for child care for working parents became quite important and thus gave rise to the early childhood education, the other main reason behind its popularity are the studies which revealed that such educational programs leave a lasting effect on the children from disadvantaged backgrounds. Researchers conclude that good early childhood education not only improves the lives of children and their families but also is the main factor behind substantial economic benefits for society.
The five major philosophers of early childhood education are Friedrich Froebel, John Dewey, Maria Montessori, Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget. All of them have their own viewpoints regarding this education. Moreover, All of them are noteworthy and have contributed to the early childhood programs of...