Pro Publico Bono Online Támop Speciál 2011
GÁBOR ANDRÁS E-GOVERNMENT – SUSTAINABLE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN HUNGARY DRIVERS AND INHIBITORS*
Development of electronic public administration started simultaneously with the development of computerized information systems. In most countries however, the level of application of ICT solutions in the public sphere significantly lags behind the level of ICT applications in the economy. The present paper attempts to explore the reasons behind this lag. We also try to present the fact, that the public administration of the future society would be inoperable without the thorough application of ICT. We try to give an overview of the useful and less useful ICT resources in the public administration. Finally a case study provided to explore the potential issues of state-of-the-art technology based applications in the public domain. 1. Introduction: public administration and ICT 1.1. Evolution of contemporary public administration in Hungary - background In Hungary the roots of public administration date back to the beginning of the 18th century, when the uniform organization of civil servants was founded, and the requirement of uniform handling of similar cases was widely accepted. Scientific research of public administration however started only in the 30-ies of the 20th century, when Zoltan Magyary started to develop the effective and lawful administration in an organizational and management framework. He pioneered in setting up economic and efficient measures for the public administration. At this time the unified file system was introduced in Hungary. The system was based on the close connection, unity of the „case” and the „paper file”. The file contained all information and documents relevant to the case. There is no risk in saying that the civil society of the first half of the 20th century could not operate without these innovations, as the development...