Dutch Republic DBQ
In the middle of the 1600’s the Netherlands experienced a thriving economy, dominance in shipbuilding and they were respected as one of the great powers of Europe. They were the commanders of the majority of the trading routes in the Baltic area. However, after the boom came a bust. In the later half of the 17th century, the Dutch Republic began to plummet economically, and the population decreased rapidly due to multiple European wars. Alongside the European wars were the disunity and loss of trade dominance that led to the ultimate demise of the Dutch Republic.
There were three Anglo-Dutch wars and the effect on the Republic was cumbersome. There were 2,000-2,700 Dutch ships seized by the English and 500 English ships seized by the Dutch. This shows how the merchants truly took a hit during the wars, which brought down the Republic substantially. These numbers are found in Document 3. Many nations started to take part in the demise of the Dutch Republic. In Document 7, the Resolution of the Amsterdam City Council quotes “Not only the French monarch but other kings seem more and more to scheme how to ruin what remains of the trade and navigation of the Dutch Republic.” This shows how there were many kingdoms going after the weaknesses of the Dutch. The Treaty of Dover (Document 6) shows how increased interest in reaping benefits from the Dutch led to major alliances. The English and French created an alliance in order to defeat the Dutch in war. The wars exhausted the Dutch resources, so that the provinces became overwhelmed or flooded, which ruined the Dutch commerce (Document 8) Konrad Van Beuringen, the Dutch ambassador wrote this, which reflects the concerns of the Dutch and it exposes point of view. Document 14 shows how the military suffered dramatically due to the combined efforts of the other European nations.
One reason for the decline of the Dutch Republic was internal disunity between the 7 provinces, due to the power structure...