DP Diphosgene and CG Phosgene
4 June 2013
Chemical warfare agents are chemical compounds used in war that are intended to kill, injure or incapacitate the enemy that a country or person is at war with. Chemical warfare agents were widely used in World War 1 by Germans and the British in the year 1914-1918. They were widely used because of their poisonous and highly toxic nature to human beings, animals and plants. Chemical warfare agents are classified based on the physiological effects on the human body as well as their structure. They could be of various types: nerve agents, Choking agents, blister agents, blood agents and many more and of various forms liquid, solid or gas form (Taylor, 1998). Most chemical agents are volatile so that they can be dispersed widely and quickly over a large region and the effects of the use of such chemical weapons are deadly.
It is estimated that out of the one million deaths that happened in the First World War, ninety thousand were associated with the use of gas related chemical weapons. Following the end of the First World War, these chemical weapons were also used in the war between Iraq and Iran of 1980-1981 as well as the cold war between the United States of America and the Soviet Union. With the end of the wars came a ban on the use of chemical warfare compounds thus limiting the further development of these compounds for personal purposes.
Chemical Choking agents are aimed at attacking the respiratory system. Choking agents in particular act by inhibiting a person’s breathing ability by causing a build-up of fluids in the lungs that leads to suffocation. They often leading to death if not treated within forty-eight hours after attack and if treated, survivors often suffer from chronic breathing problems. One would know a person is attacked by this agent if there are signs of airway irritation, eye and skin irritation, sore throat, cough, chest tightness and wheezing. There are various types of chemical...