Calypso, Circe, Athene, Artemis, Ino, The god of the Stream, Dawn, Aeolus, Circe and Hermes are the gods that help Odysseus.
The gods that hinder Odysseus are Poseidon, Hyperion, Calypso, Circe and Aeolus.
Calypso did initially help Odysseus by rescuing him and feeding him as he may have died if he did not have her help. In this way she is helpful to Odysseus. However she then traps him on her island for seven years. This hinders Odysseus from returning to Ithaca. She was also helpful when she provides him with tools and shows him where to find wood she he can make a raft to sail back home. She also provides him with food, wine and a set of clean clothes. This helps Odysseus.
Circe helps Odysseus by entertaining him and his men for a year. This was helpful because they did not have any food and needed a place to stay. However, initially she hindered him by turning his men into pigs and treating them badly. She also helps them by warning them in advance about all the dangers they would have to face before reaching back to Ithaca. She also provided them with the sacrifices they needed (Black sheep) to get into and out of the underworld safely.
Athene helps Odysseus a lot because she initially persuades Hermes to speak to Calypso so she will release Odysseus and he could carry on with his journey. She also helps him at the Phaecian’s land when she made Odysseus wake up at the right moment, making Nausicaa visit the river to wash her clothes and by making Odysseus more handsome so that Nausicaa would want to help him even more. Athene definitely helps Odysseus.
Artemis doesn’t actually help Odysseus directly but Odysseus sees that Nausicaa looks a lot like Athene so he is able to use this point to flatter her in his supplication speech so that she will want to help him. In this way Artemis helps him.
Ino helps Odysseus because when he was about to drown after leaving Calypso’s island she rises out of the sea and gives him a veil and tells him to cast...